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Olmekerne den ældste kendte kultur i Amerika

Olmekerne er den ældste og første, kendte kultur i hele Amerika. Olmekerne var et mystisk folkeslag, som videnskaben endnu ikke ved meget om, da de ikke efterlod skrifttegn eller anden form for skrift ud over deres underlige stenansigter. Stenansigterne ligner ikke andre fund i Mellemamerika, da de har en afrikansk udformning med brede næser og store læber, i det hele taget negroide træk, mens andre efter sigende ligner europæere i udseendet, med for eksempel tydeligt fuldskæg.

Olmekerne var et folk, der levede i den sydlige del af det centrale Mexico, som i grove træk svarer til regionerne Veracruz og Tabasco på den mexicanske landtange, men olmekisk kunst er blevet fundet helt til El Salvador. Olmekerne dominerede deres områder fra ca. 1200 f.Kr. til 800 f.Kr. De bedst kendte olmekiske centre er ved La Venta, San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Tres Zapotes, Chalcatzingo og La Mojarra.

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Music of El Salvador

The music of El Salvador has a mixture of Mayan, African, Pipil, Lenca and Spanish influences. This music includes religious songs (mostly Roman Catholic) used to celebrate Christmas and other holidays, especially feast days of the saints. Satirical and rural lyrical themes are common. Popular styles in modern El Salvador include salsa, cumbia, hip hop and reggaeton. 

Folk music

Musical repertoire consists of Xuc, danza, pasillo, marcha and canciones. Marimba is a representative folk music instrument.

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Salvadoran cuisine

Salvadoran cuisine is a style of cooking derived from the nation of El Salvador. The traditional cuisine consists of food from the Maya, Lenca, Pipil, and Spanish peoples. Many of the dishes are made with maize (corn).

El Salvador's most notable dish is the pupusa, a thick handmade corn flour or rice flour tortilla stuffed with cheese, chicharrón (cooked pork meat ground to a paste consistency), refried beans, and/or loroco (a vine flower bud native to Central America). There are also vegetarian options, often with ayote (a type of squash), or garlic. Some adventurous restaurants even offer pupusas stuffed with shrimp or spinach.

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Introducing El Salvador

El Salvador sneaks up on you: in lefty lounge bars in San Salvador, at sobering museums and war memorials, and along lush cloud-forest trails; it's a place of remarkable warmth and intelligence, made all the more appealing for being so unexpected. Travellers tend to skip El Salvador, wooed by marquee destinations such as Guatemala and Costa Rica, and unnerved by stories of civil war and gang violence. But the war ended almost 20 years ago, and crime, while serious, is almost exclusively played out between rival gangs; tourists are virtually never involved. And though El Salvador has fewer protected areas than its neighbors, you get them practically to yourself – including pristine forests, active volcanoes and sparkling lakes.

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